How to use Do, Does, and Did in Negative sentences – With link to online exercises

English with a Smile

Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy Easy

Leftover from the last lesson. I promised we were also going to talk about how to make negative sentences with “do,” “does” and “did.”

Negative Sentences with Do and Does

You already know you should use “do” and “does” in the present tense (present simple).

You also know that you use “do” with Iyouwe, and they.

And that you use “does” with the other pronouns: heshe, and it.

For negative sentences you also add “not.”

Here are some examples:

I don’t want too drink too much.

You don’t read enough.

Eli doesn’t wash the dishes well.

Malika doesn’t play the piano.

The canary bird doesn’t sing anymore.

We don’t have a car.

Our neighbours don’t take care of their garden.

canary.jpgMichael Sonnabend

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Book Review: Country Girl by Edna O’Brien a memoir


edna o'brien 005This memoir has such a delightful beginning–with O’Brien’s memories
from her Irish childhood, that I thought I was going to have to run out
and buy a copy.  The anecdotes just kept coming and I laughed and
admired her witty ways with a story.  It helped to be Irish and have
a Catholic background!  But anyone would enjoy her tales of visitors to
her house when she was little.

I especially liked the three brothers who had one good topcoat among
them and so had to take turns going to different Masses on Sundays.

Her mother was strict and never encouraged Edna’s interest in literature
and writing.  But they had a bond when her father terrorized the family
with his binges.  She married young–to another writer and had two little boys.
The marriage ended in divorce after Edna’s writing began to bring success.
Her husband was jealous and embittered, wanted…

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This is literally a post about grammar

Outright Barbarous


At some point, in the last thirty years, people started to think that literally was an intensifier. That is, that adding “literally” into a sentence strengthened the sense. People thought “I’m literally sweating buckets” meant “I am really sweating a lot!”. Once you’re reminded that “literal” means taking the words in their basic sense without metaphor these phrase become funny (if not medically worrying). Are there actual buckets coming out of your sweat glands?

It’s a problem that sub editors come across all the time, and it crops up in many of the style guides I’ve come across. The Telegraph says:

literally is nearly always redundant or ridiculous (Botham literally carried the rest of the England team).

And the BBC says:

Literally – if you mean it literally, it’s not really necessary to say so

It’s one of the few words that, aside from extremely unusual medical conditions, is almost never…

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