Many languages, including English, distinguish between adjectives, which qualify nouns and pronouns, and adverbs, which modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Not all languages have exactly this distinction and many languages, including English, have words that can function as both. For example, in English fast is an adjective in “a fast car” (where it qualifies the noun car), but an adverb in “he drove fast” (where it modifies the verb drove).
In Dutch and German, adjectives and adverbs are usually identical in form and many grammarians do not make the distinction, but patterns of inflection can suggest a difference:
Eine kluge neue Idee. A clever new idea.Eine klug ausgereifte Idee. A cleverly developed idea.
Whether these are distinct parts of speech or distinct usages of the same part of speech is a question of analysis. It is worth noting that while German linguistic terminology distinguishes adverbiale from adjektivische Formen, school German refers to both as Eigenschaftswörter.
Year Five have been learning about Narratives. A Narrative tells a story and is mainly used to entertain, motivate or teach. They also aim to get the attention of the reader and maintain their interest.
- Orientation – usually introduces the main characters, the setting and provides some idea of what is to follow (when, where, who or what).
- Complication – a problem that sets off a series of events.
- Series of Events – triggered by the complication.
- Resolution – climax or ending where the problem is resolved.
- Coda – it makes explicit how the character(s) has/have changes and what has been learned from the experience.
Inspired by the Narrative in One Small Island, we have been writing our own interesting orientations. We have also been practising using a range of adjectives in our orientations.
There are many different types of adjectives:
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I recently needed a worksheet to assess students’ knowledge of adjectives vs. adverbs. So here’s a 20 question page to help you know if your grammar lesson worked or not! Enjoy!
One of the standards in the Common Core is to “Order adjectives within sentences according to conventional patterns (e.g., a small red bag rather than a red small bag)” (4th Grade). So here’s my worksheet to help students practice ordering adjectives: Adjective Order Worksheet. I will be updating this worksheet when I have the time. For now, give your students a gold star if they find something that needs to be updated. 😀