Source: Wikipedia
Phonetics (pronounced /fəˈnɛtɪks/, from the Greek: φωνή, phōnē, ‘sound, voice’) is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.[1] It is concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds or signs (phones): their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status. Phonology, on the other hand, is concerned with the abstract, grammatical characterization of systems of sounds or signs.
The field of phonetics is a multilayered subject of linguistics that focuses on speech. In the case of oral languages there are three basic areas of study:
Articulatory phonetics: the study of the production of speech sounds by the articulatory and vocal tract by the speaker
Acoustic phonetics: the study of the physical transmission of speech sounds from the speaker to the listener
Auditory phonetics: the study of the reception and perception of speech sounds by the listener
These areas are inter-connected through the common mechanism of sound, such as wavelength (pitch), amplitude, and harmonics

English Vowels

Source: Wikipedia
In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English ah! [ɑː] or oh! [oʊ], pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the glottis. This contrasts with consonants, such as English sh! [ʃː], where there is a constriction or closure at some point along the vocal tract. A vowel is also understood to be syllabic: an equivalent open but non-syllabic sound is called a semivowel.
In all oral languages, vowels form the nucleus or peak of syllables, whereas consonants form the onset and (in languages that have them) coda. However, some languages also allow other sounds to form the nucleus of a syllable, such as the syllabic l in the English word table [ˈteɪ.bl̩] (the stroke under the l indicates that it is syllabic; the dot separates syllables), or the r in Serbo-Croatian vrt [vr̩t] “garden”.
There is a conflict between the phonetic definition of “vowel” (a sound produced with no constriction in the vocal tract) and the phonological definition (a sound that forms the peak of a syllable).[1] The approximants [j] and [w] illustrate this conflict: both are produced without much of a constriction in the vocal tract (so phonetically they seem to be vowel-like), but they occur on the edge of syllables, such as at the beginning of the English words “yet” and “wet” (which suggests that phonologically they are consonants). The American linguist Kenneth Pike (1943) suggested the terms “vocoid” for a phonetic vowel and “vowel” for a phonological vowel,[2] so using this terminology, [j] and [w] are classified as vocoids but not vowels. However, Maddieson and Emmory (1985) demonstrated from a range of languages that semivowels are produced with a narrower constriction of the vocal tract than vowels, and so may be considered consonants on that basis.[3]
The word vowel comes from the Latin word vocalis, meaning “vocal” (“relating to voice”).[4] In English, the word vowel is commonly used to mean both vowel sounds and the written symbols that represent them

IWB Creations on Placement

The Journey To Become Miss Smith

During my time at my placement school I was able to use my skills learnt in ICT to create several IWB resources for my lessons. Below I have uploaded screenshots and a bried explantion.

electronic sorting objects game

Science: Sorting game of electronic objects with a check tick system once complete.


letter features game

English: Features of a letter (address, date, dear etc) covered by popping balloons.

money game

Numeracy: Money topic, using a purse with coins to pay for a given item and price. Children are able to physically move the coins from their purse into the shop keepers hand, large for everyone to see (peer assessment).

sentance game

English: Working with nouns, adjectives and verbs to either make a sensible sentance or a hilarious non sense sentance e.g. hug the rotten cheese

numeracy pitch and expectations

Numeracy: Pitch and expectation questions session, using IWB visual and interactive. Children were able to physically move the gingerbread men to help find the answer.


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